What Is A Medical Abortion
A Medical abortion is any procedure to terminate a pregnancy. Whether it’s through surgery or with drugs.
Why Have A Medical Abortion
People have abortions for a multitude of reasons. Most of them are really personal. We are in no position to judge anyone who has chosen to have an abortion. Some reasons include
- The woman may have a medical condition that would make a pregnancy, a threat to her life
- The fetus may have a medical condition detected during ultrasound scan E.G anencephaly
- Poor socioeconomic status
- Bad timing
- Lack of emotional maturity
- Not thinking you are good enough to be a mother
- Not wanting pregnancy to jeopardize her career
- Some women do not want a baby outside wedlock
- Conception against her will= rape
What To Do Before Having An Abortion
- Educate yourself about your options
- Make sure it is being performed by a certified medical practitioner
- Wear comfortable clothes
- Lab tests including STI tests
- Ultrasound scan to determine the length of the pregnancy
- The doctor should explain the procedure to you
- Discuss reasons for considering an abortion and whether it is what you want
Types of Medical Abortion
Abortion Pills: This is a safe and effective way to end a pregnancy that is less than 9 weeks. Two pills are involved in the termination of pregnancy.
Mifepristone: This blocks the body from producing progesterone. This in turn stops the fetus from growing.
Misoprostol: it can be taken immediately or 24 hours after. This causes the uterus to cramp and bleed. This in turn empties the uterus. It causes heavy bleeding and abdominal pain.
The abortion pill is 90% effective as long as the pregnancy is not past 9 weeks ( 2months and 0ne week)
Manual Vacuum Aspiration: This is a procedure that uses a vacuum device to remove an embryo or fetus through the cervix. It can also be used as a treatment for incomplete spontaneous abortion or retained fetal tissue.
Dilatation And Curettage (D&C): This is when a doctor dilates or opens the cervix with a cervical dilator. He then uses a curette to scrape the uterus and remove tissue.
Types Of Spontaneous Abortion
What Is A Spontaneous Abortion
It is abortion or miscarriage is defined as pregnancy loss before 20 weeks of gestational age.
Threatened abortion: Vaginal bleeding before 20 weeks gestational age with a closed cervical canal
Inevitable Abortion: This refers to unexplained vaginal bleeding with dilatation and opening of the cervical canal
Incomplete Abortion: It occurs when not all but some of the pregnancy tissue passes through the cervical canal
Complete abortion: This happens when all the pregnancy tissue is expelled from the uterus (womb)
Mixed Abortion: This happens when the fetus implants but does not develop.
Chemical Abortion: It happens before you even know you are pregnant. It is almost never visible on ultrasound. It is caused by chromosomal abnormalities
What To Do After Having An Abortion
- Take painkillers
- Use sanitary towels or pads
- You may have irregular spotting
- Severe mood swing
- You may have painful swollen breasts
- You may produce breastmilk. This is a result of your body thinking you are still pregnant
- You may have intermittent abdominal cramps
- After having an abortion, it takes time before the cervix closes.
- Avoid putting anything in your vagina e.g. tampons
- Avoid penetrative sex till you heal fully
- Stay away from swimming pools, saunas, and hot tubs.
Side Effects Of Abortion
- Bleeding can last up to 21 days
- Mood Swings
Complications Of Abortions
- Damage to the womb or cervix
- Excessive Bleeding
- Infections of the uterus and fallopian tubes
- Perforation of the Uterus
- Uterine scarring
Medical Abortions are safe procedures as long as they are done the right way. However, if after your abortion, you notice any of these
- Flu-like symptoms
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pain or bleeding that doesn’t stop even after medication
- Severe throbbing abdominal pain
Contact your Doctor Immediately.
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